Evolution of the Primate Brain: What Makes Us Human?

Darwin’s famous voyage to the Galapagos Islands in 1831 formed the foundation of the theory of evolution [1]. Since then, scientists have applied this theory to investigate the diversity and relationship between species. Although Darwin’s theory of evolution states that humans evolved from primates, the definition of cognitive function and consciousness was not explained clearly. According to the Cambridge Declaration …

Iron Man and Bullet Proof Custard

Audiences throughout the nation and around the world have been entranced by the high-tech Iron Man body suit and Tony Stark’s eccentric mind. Imagined by Marvel Comics, the Iron Man suit allows Stark to fly through the sky, shoot sonic blasts, and withstand bullets.  In addition, the metallic strength of the armor does not detract from the suit’s maneuverability, rendering …

Scientific Fights, or How Geneticists Have Made Use of Molecular Competition?

Do battles take place in nature? Of course! Plants fight for access to the sun, wild animals wrestle with carcasses in a struggle for the biggest bite, and parasites are advantageously equipped to exploit their hosts, who in turn attempt to withstand the parasites. Hosts, on the other hand, have cells – like eosinophils in humans – that specialise in …

The Three Parent Baby Phenomenon

Is it an innovative method that will prevent diseases caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) or a threat to humanity? Scientists have thoroughly debated the three-parent-baby phenomenon, especially since the United Kingdom became the first country to legalize mtDNA transfer in February 2015 [1]. The term “three-parent-babies” refers to infants born through an in-vitro fertilization where the mitochondria are …

Rooted in Misconceptions: Hesitance towards Organ Donation

One of the most polarizing scientific advancements of the 20th and 21st centuries has been organ transplantation.  The words “organ donation” often conjure up gory images of surgery and possible death. Currently, there are 120 million donors in the United States, about 37% of the country’s population, yet an average of 18 people die each day due to the shortage of …

The Savant Syndrome

Brain trauma is a serious issue to be dealt with. In a world with competitive sports, concussions and brain injuries are common. 1 in every 5 high school athletes will suffer a sports concussion during the season while 4 to 5 million concussions occur annually with number rising among student athletes [1]. A concussion and brain injury can seriously damage …