Even in the 21st century, women are consistently underrepresented in clinical trials involving drug therapy, medical devices, and behavioral interventions. Although various US federal agencies have made improvements to legislation regarding women’s participation in clinical trials over the past few decades, recent studies demonstrate that the underrepresentation of women remains a persistent problem that raises [...]
The Disadvantage of a Single-Choice System The famed democratic system of Athens was based off of a simple binary vote. Participants placed their rock in a jar to indicate political preference, and the candidate with the most rocks in his respective jar was declared victor. Although participation was limited to free, white, land-owning men, historians [...]
The antibiotic is a cornerstone of today’s medical treatment, but with the increasing rate of bacteria that are steadily growing impervious to these chemical treatments, should we consider the other options as valid alternatives? . Starting in the 1920’s with the discovery of penicillin, a surge of antibiotic discovery enveloped the scientific world as scientists [...]
An article analyzing the future potential of DNA based vaccinations.
Climate change, the shifting temperature of the earth due to amplified levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHGs) from fossil fuels and deforestation, is currently a topic of heated discussions worldwide. In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a United Nations organization, stated that “warming of the climate system is unequivocal” . GHGs persist in [...]
Over the last ten years, leaps in technology have led to warfare being augmented by developments that would seem to be more suited to science fiction. However, the use of drone warfare, cyberwarfare, and data mining has caused a dramatic shift in the way a war is thought of and conducted, in addition to raising [...]
Epilepsy, a chronic neurological disorder characterized by sudden seizures, has mystified both patients and researchers alike for years with its baffling neuronal mechanisms and unpredictable nature. Each year, about 200,000 new cases of epilepsy are diagnosed—just as many as breast cancer. Of these 200,000 cases, 70% have no apparent cause
INTRODUCTION More than ten million farmers planted 252 million acres of genetically-modified (GM) crops in 2006 . From 1996 to 2000, acreage of GM crops globally increased 25-fold . The prevalence and rapid growth of GM crops are accredited to the benefits it provides. Biotechnology companies alter the DNA of crops, either by removing or [...]